Despite river Clanis gradually flooding the valley since the fall of the Roman Empire and later on during the Barbarian invasions, documents dating as far back as the year 1000 describe the Valdichiana as being home to several walled settlements scattered over its vast expanse which were fiercely contested between Siena and Florence and as such fortified with keeps and ramparts. In this period, the valley became increasingly dotted with churches and monasteries and soon started to attract high-profile artists and skilled workmen; this eventually resulted in the valley becoming a hotpost for several well-established artists such as Fra Angelico, Piero della Francesca, Luca Signorelli and Bartolomeo della Gatta in the Renaissance as well as an important breeding ground for so-called “minor” arts such as goldsmithery, ceramics and glazed terracotta (with the Della Robbias being the best known and most influential artists in this field). With the florentine victory in the battle of Scannagallo, the valley first fell under Medici rule and later under the Lorraine.

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Valdichiana Musei

The portal of culture in Val di Chiana.